- Hebrew Printing In 1833 Dov Baer (Baer Loeb) Monash (1801–1876) set up a press in Krotoszyn which was active until 1901. Monash had learned the trade (and obtained the Hebrew type) from dyhernfurth . The most important books printed by him were a five-volume Pentateuch with Onkelos, Rashi, haftarot, and German translation by Johlson (1837); a 12-volume Bible with Onkelos, Rashi, and German translation (1839–43); and a maḥzor (Minḥah Ḥadashah, 1838). The Hebrew press in Krotoszyn was known through its edition of the Jerusalem Talmud which has become standard (1866–67). The most beautiful production of this press was isaac aboab 's Menorat ha-Ma'or, with German translation by Fuerstenthal and Behrend (1845–48). Here also were printed – though not in Hebrew – 17 volumes of the monatsschrift fuer geschichte und wissenschaft des judentums (1869ff.). -Holocaust Period Before the outbreak of World War II Krotoszyn had only 17 Jews. Under Nazi occupation, the town belonged to the district of Posen of the Warthegau. On November 21, 1939, the remaining Jews were deported to the Lodz ghetto. (Danuta Dombrowska) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Lewin, in: MGWJ, 77 (1933), 464ff.; Posner, in: Aresheth 1 (1949), 260–78; D.D. Dąbrowska, in: BŻIH, 13–14 (1955). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Berger, Zur Geschichte der Juden in Krotoschin (1907).
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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